Isfahan Department of Environment
Research
 
Analyzing and Modelling the Spatial Distribution of Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor)

in Kolahghazi National Park, in Isfahan Province

Supervisors: Mohammad kaboli, Ph.d & Mahmood Karami, Ph.d

Advisors: Abdolrasoul S.Mahiny, Ph.d & Bahram H.Kiabi,Ph.d

Prepared by: Maryam Omidi

ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY

Science and Research Campus, Tehran

Aug-2008

Abstract:

Persian Leopard has considerably decreased in number in recent years. In fact it has been categorized as an endangered species. Destruction of its habitat can be the main cause of its probable future extinction; hence, protection of its habitat serves as an effective way of conserving the panther. To serve the purpose, a simulation of the panther’s habitat was made in Kolah Ghazi National Park in Isfahan and the desirable state of habitat was determined through implementation of analysis factors of ENFA and Biomapper software.
 The data used in the analysis fall into two categories of independent environmental factors and dependent ones which regard the type of species. The independent environmental variables including the prey, diversity, slope, paths and roads, and mines have been thoroughly studied and analyzed. The study in Kolah Ghazi National Park suggests that the best environment for the panther is in the altitude between 1800-2400 m above sea level in slopes of 20-70% in mountainous regions. The abundance of preferable prey is also recognized as the most important determinant of the standards of the Leopards habitat.
Keywords: Persian Leopard, Habitat, Environmental Variables, ENFA, Biomapper.  
 
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A Preliminary Ecological Study of Lizard Species Distribution

in Ghamishlou National Park & Wildlife Refuge (Isfahan Province)

Supervisors: HajiGholi Kami, PhD,

Borhan Riazi, PhD

Advisor: MahmoudReza Hemami, PhD

Prepared by: Soolmaz Rafiee Dastjerdi

ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY

Science and Research Campus, Tehran

Summer 2011

Abstract

This research was conducted in one of the four regions under the title of Ghamishlou National Park and Wildlife Refuge, regarding to specific geographical situation and biodiversity of Isfahan province in central plateau of Iran and also due to lack of sufficient information and survey in the field of faunistic and dispersal of lizard species in protected areas. Sample collection was done in spring and summer of 2010 and spring of 2011. A total of 187 specimens collected in this research were identified based on morphologic, morphometric and meristic characters. Results revealed that collected lizards belonged to Agamidae, Gekkonidae, Lacertidae, Scinsidae and Varanidae including 10 genera and 11 species.

This study is important from the point of view of dispersal of lizard species in Iran and among its significant results, the following items can be referred to:

1-  Reporting of Eumeces schneiderii princeps and Varanus griseus caspius as the first report from Ghamishlou National Park and Wildlife Refuge.

2-  Report of a species from the ancestry of Eremias mountanus, previously was collected from South of Isfahan (Shahreza) by Dr. Rastegar Pooyani in 2002 and molecular analysis was performed on it.

Results also showed that two species of Ophisops elegans and Eremias persica has a wider dispersal range in comparison to other species, and are introduced as the predominant or salient species of the region. Introductory studies showed the nutritional habits of two predominant species in the region. The most important prey for both species is Formicidae family (ants) and then beetles for Eremias persica and Arachnid for Ophisops elegans are in second rank of importance.

Mean, SD, Min, Max, and CV (variation coefficient), were calculated for male and female samples of Mesalina watsonana, Phrynocephalus scutellatus, Ophisops elegans, Eremias persica, Terapelus agilis and for evaluation of significant differences between the male and female of every species, T-test was conducted for independent samples.

Key Words: Faunistic study, Meristic, Ghamishlou National Park and Wildlife Refuge, Predominant Species

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Habitat Selection by Persian Gazelle(Gazella subgutturosa) and Wild Sheep (Ovis orientalis)

in Ghamishlou National Park & Wildlife Refuge

Supervisor: Mahmoud-Reza Hemami,PhD

 Advisors: Mahmoud Karami, PhD, Afshin Alizadeh, PhD

Prepared by: Zahra Taki

ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY

Science and Research Campus, Tehran

Summer 2009

Abstract:

Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) and wild sheep (Ovis orientalis) are both recognized as vulnerable species (VU) by IUCN. We studied the seasonal habitat use by these two species over a complete year in Ghamishlou National Park and Wildlife Refuge. Habitat variables such as vegetation types, percent cover of dominant bush species and EC, SP and pH of the soil were related to pellet group density of Persian gazelle and wild sheep which were quantified within permanent transects. Niche breadth was also calculated for each species using habitat as a resource state.

Results showed that Persian gazelle significantly used Astragalus-Scariola and Centura-Stipa vegetation type more than the other types (Scariola-Stipa; Artemisia) in spring and summer. It was while the use of Centura-Stipa vegetation type had a decreasing trend from early summer to early spring and a significant difference was found between time periods. Gazelles had selectively used altitude between 1900-2200, slope between 0-8% (in summer 0-40%) and Areas with higher EC and low gravel soils. Niche breadth was least in April-June, August-October and was maximal in October- December and December-February.

Wild sheep had significantly used Astragalus-Scariola vegetation type more than the other types (Centura- -Stipa; Scariola-Stipa; Artemisia) in early summer. It was while the use of Centura-Stipa vegetation type had a decreasing trend from early summer to early spring and a significant difference was found between these two time periods. Higher densities of wild sheep were found in higher elevation in spring and summer compared to autumn and winter. Slope between 24-40% in summer and winter and 0-8 % in autumn have mostly been used. The greatest niche breath was obtained for August- October.

Key words: Persian gazelle, wild sheep, habitat use, pellet group count
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